Are you looking for the answers to Crash Course Psychology #19 on monkeys and morality? Look no further! In this article, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the key concepts covered in the video and provide answers to the accompanying worksheet questions.
The Science of Morality
The video explores the age-old question of whether morality is a uniquely human characteristic or if it can be observed in other animals, such as monkeys. The answer, as it turns out, is not so clear-cut.
While humans have evolved complex moral codes and ethical systems, there is growing evidence to suggest that other animals can exhibit behaviors that might be considered moral or ethical. For example, monkeys have been observed displaying behavior that indicates they have a sense of fairness and justice.
The Trolley Problem
One of the key ethical dilemmas discussed in the video is the "trolley problem". This thought experiment poses the question of whether it is morally justifiable to sacrifice one person to save several others.
The video offers a nuanced discussion of the various factors that influence people’s responses to the trolley problem and the real-life implications of these ethical dilemmas.
Now, let’s get to the answers to the Crash Course Psychology #19 worksheet questions.
What is "moral reasoning," and who is credited with studying it in-depth?
Answer: Moral reasoning refers to the process by which individuals make decisions about right and wrong. Philosopher Lawrence Kohlberg is credited with studying moral reasoning in-depth.
What are the three levels of moral reasoning outlined by Kohlberg?
Answer: The three levels of moral reasoning outlined by Kohlberg are preconventional, conventional, and postconventional.
What is the "trolley problem," and what are the two variations of it?
Answer: The trolley problem is a thought experiment that poses the ethical question of whether it is justifiable to sacrifice one person to save others. There are two variations of the trolley problem – the "switch" version and the "footbridge" version.
What did the monkey fairness experiment entail?
Answer: The monkey fairness experiment involved two monkeys receiving different rewards for performing the same task. When one monkey received a better reward, the other monkey displayed behaviors indicative of a sense of unfairness and injustice.
What does the video suggest is a key factor in developing a sense of morality?
Answer: The video suggests that socialization and exposure to cultural norms is a key factor in developing a sense of morality.
What is the relationship between religion and morality, according to the video?
Answer: The video suggests that while religion can play a role in shaping individuals’ moral beliefs, it is not the only factor and does not necessarily determine moral values.
In conclusion, monkeys and morality are more closely intertwined than we might think. While humans have developed complex ethical systems and moral codes, there is growing evidence to suggest that other animals, such as monkeys, also exhibit behaviors that might be considered moral or ethical. The trolley problem serves as a poignant reminder of the complex ethical dilemmas that we face in everyday life. By studying these dilemmas and exploring the various factors that influence moral reasoning, we can gain a better understanding of the nature of morality.